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Tag: third space


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I Pledge Allegiance to the Internet

// Posted by on 02/23/2014 (8:04 PM)

In previous weeks, we’ve discussed how technology and the internet provides a global “third space,” an amorphous sphere for interaction between strangers from all over the world, without any real recognition of traditional nation state boundaries. We’ve discussed how the… Read more

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In previous weeks, we’ve discussed how technology and the internet provides a global “third space,” an amorphous sphere for interaction between strangers from all over the world, without any real recognition of traditional nation state boundaries. We’ve discussed how the use of technology can challenge traditional nation states and their governments through hacking, leaking information and fueling IRL assembles, such as the Occupy Wall Street movement. We’ve also discussed the developing news surrounding Edward Snowden, and how this reflects the limited control that nation states have over the “third space.” With this new age tension between nation states and the “third space,” there comes yet another question: who will users/citizens align themselves with?

In Mark Poster’s Information Please, Poster describes a new kind of citizen; a citizen to the “third space”; a netizen. Using such a governmentally influenced term to describe an internet user sets up a clear divide between an individual’s relationship to the internet, and his or her relationship to a country. It implies a certain dichotomy, that a person can only align themselves with one entity or the other.

This idea is further emphasized with our reading on Stuxnet this week. As Symantec was trying to decode the complex and sophisticated malware that is Stuxnet, technical directors began to realize that the malware could be much more than just a technological nuisance. “Stuxnet could be the work of a government cyberarmy,” Kim Zetter writes in her Wired article. “The researchers risked tampering with a covert U.S. government operation.”

Once the governments of traditional nation states were possibly involved, the directors of Symantec had to question their allegiance between a specific country, or the global “third space” that technology provides. This has become a bigger and bigger issue as technology has developed. Both the nation state and the “third space” pose an inherent threat to one another, and a huge part of the threat stems from that fact that an individual can chose which sphere he or she wants to devote themselves to. In the case of Symantec, they “felt no patriotic duty to preserves [Stuxnet’s] activity. ‘We’re not beholden to a nation,” [technical director of Symantec Eric Chien] said. ‘We’re a multinational, private company protecting customers.’”


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The U.S invading the ‘Third Space’

// Posted by on 02/09/2014 (9:48 PM)

When reading Poster’s book “Information Please” one idea really stood out for me, the concept of the third space. Poster defines the third space as ‘ the cultural encounter between the colonizer and colonize happens in an ‘indeterminate space of… Read more

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When reading Poster’s book “Information Please” one idea really stood out for me, the concept of the third space. Poster defines the third space as ‘ the cultural encounter between the colonizer and colonize happens in an ‘indeterminate space of the subject(s) of enunciation’ (Information Please). This third space is where cultures interact and are exposed to the mannerisms and quirks of the opposing culture. The Internet has allowed us to gain access to an enormous amount of information and in the process opens our eyes to new ways of life.

What Poster seems to be articulating is how this access to other cultures will eventually break down the walls of prejudice and will allow the shock value for different culture, we have never been exposed to, decrease dramatically. The Internet could completely revolutionize the way we interact with other cultures and the way we gather information about relationships and learned interactions.

 

One example brought up through our class discussion was the introduction of relationships through the broadcasting of Sex and the City to other nations outside of the U.S. Many Arab countries are fascinated with the show and the fashion that is portrayed and this obsession exposes them to the American structure of friendship and the ‘single girl lifestyle.’ This exposure could lead to changes in their friendships and how they view their own relationship in their communities.

 

However does this give the U.S a distinctive advantage over the ‘third space’? The U.S has a large control of the media that is being broadcasted worldwide and in return U.S society has the power to use that influence to sway the opinions and actions ofother countries. In a New York Times article it even mentioned how the use of ‘soft power’ through the media was seen as a strategy to gain a better public perspective abroad. While it stated there were no tangible results there is no denying American media is taking over the world. In the article some proof of this was ‘ the televisions program “CSI” is now more popular in France than in the United States.”

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/01/business/media/01soft.html?_r=0

 

Is the sheer amount of power the U.S seems to have going to influence the third space and then in turn the societies the third space is touching? While many Arab countries are broadcasting Sex and the City and being exposed to U.S culture, as Americans what are we getting exposed to? We rarely see the widespread popularity of another nations media in America. We have to seek out other cultures in order to get that exposure and thus weaken our prejudices and reduce our shock value. While the concept of the ‘third space’ does seem accurate, I feel like it might not have as great of an effect on the U.S as it does on other countries around the world. We need to not only diversify our thinking but also diversify our media in order to gain the complete benefits that Poster is explaining in “Information Please.”


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The third space and US influence

// Posted by on 04/05/2013 (1:29 AM)

Andrea Bermúdez

In many ways Mexican culture has evolved. Since our colonization by Spanish troops, we have become a mixture of different civilizations that go from Aztecs and Mayans, to even Europeans. During the last decade technological revolution has changed… Read more

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Andrea Bermúdez

In many ways Mexican culture has evolved. Since our colonization by Spanish troops, we have become a mixture of different civilizations that go from Aztecs and Mayans, to even Europeans. During the last decade technological revolution has changed every paradigm we had, and has turned our little local issues, into matters of global interest, and it shows.Certainly the process of globalization is speeded by the increasing use of internet, not only in fully developed countries but also in developing countries such as Mexico, Egypt, Libya, Syria, etc. Everybody is interconnected, and whatever happens in one corner of the world is almost immediately acknowledged in the rest of it.We have several examples such as Occupy Wall Street, The Arab Spring, and in the Mexican case YoSoy132. So after analyzing the effects of the internet, we can say that it didn’t create something new among society, it only empowered people to actually make some sort of pressure to economic and political powers.Unfortunately in countries like Mexico not everybody has got access to reliable information sources, and by this I don’t mean everything on the internet is true, but at least it gives people the chance to compare and decide what to believe.Talking a little bit more on the case of YoSoy132, we can say that this specific event changed completely the way the government looked at their people, cause they were so used to never been interrogated. Everybody knew that the next president was going to be chosen not by the civilians but by external forces. Then the presidential candidate went to a university and caused a fuss amongst students who knew the truth of his backgrounds. Despite the effort of certain people to inform others, this led to nothing. However it taught us something as a society; the government will not improve if people don’t participate in a more active way.This is a clear example of the influence of the internet and interaction between people from various places all over the world, since the main ideas that led the movement were taken from the Arab spring, and in the same way this was inspired by some other.And now talking about the influence of the US in Mexico, this couldn’t be clearer. The ideal of life that comes from the northern border of the country has become the goal of many people. In my very personal opinion this isn’t really positive since our conditions are quite different, and since people can’t always reach this ideal of life, they fail causing some sort of social discontent, which increases the social gap in the strata.But the influence in almost every aspect of our day by day living is undeniable; economical, and political decision are made according to the US policies, trying not to damage the relations between the two countries. Maybe that’s why we´re the so called US backyard.


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The Third Space

// Posted by on 04/04/2013 (7:21 PM)

 

For our generation information about the happenings in the world , our country, city and neighborhood is available as easy as “googling” it. This has made it much easier to know what is going on politically, economically, socially and… Read more

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For our generation information about the happenings in the world , our country, city and neighborhood is available as easy as “googling” it. This has made it much easier to know what is going on politically, economically, socially and culturally around the globe, and of course influences our everyday life. When people organize in Egypt and protest against a cruel dictator we now have the options to read not only the official newspaper statements (and trust that that they are accurate in describing what is going on), but we have access to first-hand statements from activists and victims in the movements. This is thanks to the social networks, like Twitter and Facebook.

When SOPA and PIPA threatened the freedom of speech in Internet, our generation found about it in social network pages like 9Gag and Facebook in Mexico. We didn’t hear it from the news, but we saw what people from the US and Europe published and vehemently rejected it through the social network pages. Surely, this virality had an impact on Congress, because people became aware what these laws encompassed and there representatives listened. When in Mexico a similar bill was trying to introduced, and having learnt from the US example, we also protested on the Internet.

On the more cultural side, there is also a notable impact of the US cyber space in Mexico. Videos like the “Harlem Shake” become viral in our country after being a phenomenon in the US, as well as the use of the Guy Fawkes mask not only on Halloween, but in protests in Mexico.

Anonymous also influences Mexican life. The group has shut down several times official government pages, as well as defending reporters threatened by brutal drug dealers.

I can conclude with all certainty that people who access on a regulary basis social network sites are influenced by American culture. We frequent the American fast food places, listen to videos on youtube from US singers, drive cars we see from US commercials and on the brighter side, start organizing our social protests on Twitter and Facebook, just like Occupy Wall Street. In Mexico we had “#Yo soy 132”.


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