DIGITAL AMERICA

Tag: Community


4chan anonymous copyright counterculture culture democracy digital digital america digital culture digital divide Education Facebook Google Government hackers hacking Information Please Innovation internet IPhone Julian Assange Mark Poster Mexico Netizen new media NSA Obama Occupy Online Activism politics Privacy snowden social awareness social media SOPA Stuxnet Tec de Monterrey technology Ted Talks Turkle Twitter USA WikiLeaks wired youtube

Group 1′s Discussion of Chapter 5

// Posted by on 05/23/2015 (9:53 PM)

The WELL (located in the San Francisco Bay area) is an unexpected consequence for Stewart Brand who created the Whole Earth Catalog, and I think that Fred Turner did a good job explaining that where one stopped the other pick… Read more

+
4

The WELL (located in the San Francisco Bay area) is an unexpected consequence for Stewart Brand who created the Whole Earth Catalog, and I think that Fred Turner did a good job explaining that where one stopped the other pick up the digital connection and spread it to a wider audience.  Larry Brilliant wanted to use the already established network that the catalog provided.  Like an over protective father, Brand was selective in what he would allow Brilliant to have.  Turner indicates that “…nearly twenty years after it served the back-to-the-land movement the Whole Earth Catalog became a model for one of the most influential computer networks to date…”  I like the name WELL as it conjures up images of a meeting place in biblical times.  Singular energy… close to God.  Stewart Brand and Larry Brilliant started the WELL which was a teleconferencing system within which subscribers (according to Kevin Kelly’s list -for a membership charge and specific rules of engagement) could hold conversations amongst peers and other computer savvy individuals.  This group of people (community) held likeminded interests as Brand and Brilliant but also included experts in the technological field such as hackers and journalists/editors who were associated with well-known publications such as New York Times and Rolling Stone.  The participants could communicate from multiple locations, real time or whenever time permitted.  The WELL was dug deeper as the celebrity interest grew.

According to Turner, one of the benefits of the WELL included a rise in a social network that built economic organization and in freelance patterns of employment.  Their employment depended on these connections and this textual forum became a place for business and community.  Turner uses words like “virtual community and electronic frontier” to describe the WELL. Turner attributes this to the expertise on Howard Rheingold and John Perry Barlow.  In an attempt to escape mainstream bureaucracy and it changes through the years, this virtual community was enticing.

Some similarities that the WELL has to modern day social media are the “McLuhan Equation” which indicates that the medium is the message.  The medium refers to mass forms of communication such as radio, television, the press, the Internet. And the message is the actual information.  They both started small and grew rapidly.  Information can be obtained, shared or disputed.  There is instant gratification when things go well and you get multiply tries as being “liked”.  They both have some form of governance, and they each have cost.  Once you put the information out there be it correct or incorrect… it is out there for all eyes.  However, the WELL seemed to solicit the attention of a specific audience where social media does not.

I have friends that post every minute of their day online “as if”.  Anyone that has this kind of time needs a real life.  Personally, some people become too self-absorbed and seem addicted.  Not only do they post but the expect you to respond timely and become offended when you do not. Some users will say or show almost anything to get your attention.  This being said…  I think parents, churches and schools have control over the actions of the next generation.  There should be limits placed on what social media usage.  Even the WELL had rules.   I think that one day users are going to wake up to realize that too much of their personal lives have been shared.  Especially as it starts to bring negative impact such as not being selected for jobs or promotions, difficulty running for office,  future mother-in-law knows a little too much about you.

 

 


Categories: Uncategorized
Tags: , ,
+

The WELL, Community, Social Media, and Yogi Berra

// Posted by on 05/23/2015 (3:58 PM)

The WELL was an online space where like-minded people could go and discuss a variety of topics whether they agreed, disagreed, or just had a general interest, they could go there to connect and to share ideas without physically being… Read more

+
3

The WELL was an online space where like-minded people could go and discuss a variety of topics whether they agreed, disagreed, or just had a general interest, they could go there to connect and to share ideas without physically being in the same space. While I know forums of this nature are still very much a part of digital culture today (the guy with the cubicle across from me almost always has some sort of gun discussion forum open), the communal nature of the WELL made me think about the groups I’m a part of on Facebook.

I’ve been provided an opportunity to be a part of a group discussion about a specific topic, in my case mostly craft beer, where we all have a similar interest, but we don’t all agree on everything. This leads to some lively discussion! Similar to the WELL, these groups have moderators, you can choose to not see posts from people if you don’t find value in what they are adding to the discussion, and the point of it all is to share ideas. I don’t know if it’s necessarily sharing ideas in a scholarly, Socratic sense, or like the prompt mentions “sharing” to score cool points, but it’s sharing nonetheless. Social media is a good example of this. I have managed to seek out others who share my interests on Facebook through Groups. I’ve certainly tried to use Facebook groups, or even just my “wall” as an outlet for scholarly debate, but it often just turns into a mess. Often it gets off topic, disrespectful, offensive, full of bots postings ads, or just plain old trolls. Not helpful.

I think that this ease that we connect with people is what gives the Internet the ability to make us feel united. You can see it in grassroots movements that need to raise awareness or gain support. You could see in in 2008 in President (the Senator) Obama’s election campaign and then after having such success he went in the same direction for reelection in 2012. I looked into this a little bit and I found some research done by The Pew Charitable Trusts that stated that while both candidate in 2012 utilized this method of communication to get their messages to their supporters, they didn’t really engage in the “social” part of social media.

http://www.journalism.org/2012/08/15/how-presidential-candidates-use-web-and-social-media/

I wonder why this is? I can only assume it’s because sifting through all of the comments and responses, finding which were legit and which were not, and then actually responding would have taken an amazing amount of time, money, and people.

We’ve also seen people unite internationally through social media. Twitter has been used to raise money for disaster relief. Social media was used last month to raise awareness of violent attacks on foreigners on South Africa.

http://www.cnn.com/2015/04/17/africa/south-africa-xenophobia-social-media/

 

I think we feel this unity because it social media offers an emotional outlet for whatever a situation might be — disaster, human rights, politics, whatever — and in doing so, leaves people feeling empathetic. The ability to understand another’s emotions will often lead to the desire to act, and sometimes even change.

I don’t think we “almost” need social media to feel like part of the world, but rather I think we absolutely need it. 90% of my news and information about what’s going on in the world comes from social media, not traditional news outlets. Granted, some of it comes from traditional outlets just via social media. TV news has commercials. Social media news is in real time, and users are provided more firsthand accounts. I don’t have TV, and, for me, I’d feel entirely disconnected without social media.

While this is normal for me, as with much cultural change, this could be entirely foreign and daunting to say my grandmother. While my grandmother is no longer with us, she got her news from The Washington Post twice a day and from Walter Cronkite in the evening. The 24 hour news cycle and the constant flow of information over social media would have likely terrified her. Further, if she wanted to talk to someone she would go to their house or vice versa. All the neighbors would get together and some would smoke cigars and drink scotch, some would gossip, and some would just talk. There is a tone of value in that, but with the rise of digital everything, a lot of that sense of physical community is gone.

Social media has likely led to a lot of what Robert D. Putnam discussed in his book Bowling Alone:

“In this alarming and important study, Putnam, a professor of sociology at Harvard, charts the grievous deterioration over the past two generations of the organized ways in which people relate to one another and partake in civil life in the U.S. For example, in 1960, 62.8% of Americans of voting age participated in the presidential election, whereas by 1996, the percentage had slipped to 48.9%. While most Americans still claim a serious “religious commitment,” church attendance is down roughly 25%-50% from the 1950s, and the number of Americans who attended public meetings of any kind dropped 40% between 1973 and 1994. Even the once stable norm of community life has shifted: one in five Americans moves once a year, while two in five expect to move in five years. Putnam claims that this has created a U.S. population that is increasingly isolated and less empathetic toward its fellow citizens, that is often angrier and less willing to unite in communities or as a nation. Marshaling a plentiful array of facts, figures, charts and survey results, Putnam delivers his message with verve and clarity.” 

-Publisher’s Weekly

Where with me, if I don’t know about something the moment it happens, it’s old news by the time I do find out. Just like in the YouTube video it’s fast. Information is fast, news is fast, baby pictures are fast and you have to keep up or you get lost…whether you think you are or not.

I bet this is not just me – when I’m at work and something big happens – someone famous dies, Boston Marathon bombing, royal baby has a name – it almost seems like a competition to be the first one to blurt it out to the office.

I’d like to end by saying that rambling was encouraged.

Not really, I’d like to end with a funny Yogi Berra quote that I found looking up some info on Bowling Alone (it’s been a while since I read it):

The Publisher’s Weekly reviewer who wrote the above stared his/her piece using the great Yogi Berra’s quote to “articulate the value of social networks.”

I’ll leave you with that.


Categories: Uncategorized
Tags: , , , , , , , , , , ,
+

A Voiceless Majority

// Posted by on 03/31/2013 (10:34 PM)

I’m from Houston, Texas, the fourth-largest city in the United States and a booming town that has plentiful job opportunities, great schools, a world-class medical center, and large homes for small prices. We’re also well-known for our large Mexican… Read more

+
3

I’m from Houston, Texas, the fourth-largest city in the United States and a booming town that has plentiful job opportunities, great schools, a world-class medical center, and large homes for small prices. We’re also well-known for our large Mexican population, a feature that directly affects almost all aspects of Houstonian society. According to a USA Today article, Hispanics accounted for over 65% of Texas’ growth since 2000, while the non-Hispanic white population grew by only 4.2% during the same period.

There are countless reasons for their move to Houston. Some have come to escape some of the border violence, many come for better economic opportunities, and a recent New York Times article said that many wealthy Mexicans have been coming to Houston because of inexpensive luxury housing and a chance to live in a safe haven that’s away from the violence and persecution against wealthy Mexicans in Mexico.

However, this isn’t an article about immigration. This is about cultural diffusion and the drastic change in Houston’s identity that is accompanying the massive Hispanic population increases. Almost everything that is printed is in both English and Spanish, and there are some areas near my house that have signs and billboards that are completely in Spanish. Our MLS soccer team, the Houston Dynamo, is primarily supported by Houston’s Hispanic population. I, personally, see more quinceañeras per year than I see average birthday parties taking place. The more I think about it, Houston culture is not just being affected by Mexican culture, it’s being shaped by it.

How does this tie in with activism? Well, for a city that’s steeped in Mexican culture, there is almost zero cultural or political activism in Houston. I have read numerous articles about this anomaly, but a 2003 story in the Houston Chronicle sought to answer this question: “Why would a city with so many immigrants have so little political organizing?”

One Mexican professor cited the border and zoning as being two reasons why so few Mexicans take part in directly affecting Houstonian society. While cities such as Chicago and Los Angeles have large sources for local activism, Houston’s proximity to the border allows for the Mexican population to travel to and from the two countries with ease. This creates a situation where is not a strong need for organizations to be established in Houston. In addition, the Houstonian urban sprawl spreads out communities and makes it hard to get together as a community.

The internet has become a forum for like-minded individuals seeking change and unity, and has been the backbone for movements like the Arab Spring and Occupy Wall Street. In the Southern United States, however, physical and geographic situations are what affect the unification of the Hispanic population. This raises some important questions: when it comes to activism, does Mexico prefer to work together by communicating through physical means? Is traditional activism–which used to be based on community building–impossible in today’s world, where information is primarily digital (which becomes a question of access) and people are spread widely across expansive cities? Most importantly to me, what is the most effective way to unify the voices of an entire community if digitization is not effective?

Here’s a scene from one of Houston’s Hispanic Heritage Month parades, held annually in downtown Houston.


Categories: Uncategorized
Tags: , , , ,
+

Do You Know Your Neighbors?

// Posted by on 01/31/2012 (10:52 PM)

 

While reading Fred Turner’s From Counterculture to Cyberculture and posts about hippie culture, I began wondering how it is possible to embrace your community and utilize a neighborhood without moving to a farm in the middle of nowhere… Read more

+
1

 

While reading Fred Turner’s From Counterculture to Cyberculture and posts about hippie culture, I began wondering how it is possible to embrace your community and utilize a neighborhood without moving to a farm in the middle of nowhere and shutting off all of your electronics. Facebook and other social networking sites have helped connect people from all over the world to form an online community, but what if you just want get to know your new neighbor who walks past your house every day? For that, there is a new website called Yatown.

Yatown was co-founded in 2010 by Christopher Nguyen, a former engineering director at Google, and Jerome Park, creator and leader of the Enterprise Appliance Partner team at Google. The website allows users to post on virtual bulletin boards and share information about their community. Information is posted about local deals, events, and news. Users can also ask each other questions or start posts about general topics. The website brings neighbors together to form a closer-knit community without isolating them in a commune. Below is a screen shot of Yatown:

 

In Ali’s post, “The New Hippie,” there is a video about a commune in rural Virginia where people work to keep the community going. This simpler way of life in which 20 people live together in a single house is completely different from a suburban neighborhood. One man in the video spoke about his life outside of the commune saying, “I lived next door to somebody for four years and never knew who they were.” While some people would be happier in a commune, others would just like to know their neighbors. People with different political ideas, religious beliefs and ways of life can sign onto their computers and share information with each other, while still keeping their private lives to themselves.

Though many hippie communes are still functioning and thriving, websites such as Yatown are also on the rise. For people who want a closer and more exclusive community than Facebook, but want to live separate lives from their neighbors, an online community that connects people who are geographically close to each other is often the answer.

I signed on to Yatown to see if people in my hometown were using it. I found that not only were people posting in a general town group, they had divided into smaller groups based on what part of town people live in. It takes only 10 minutes to drive from one side of my town to the other so to see it divided into such specific neighborhoods was truly amazing. Yard sales were advertised, questions were posted about good places to hold fundraising banquets, and there was a feeling of a close-knit community.

Are websites such as Yatown the new way to network? Would you feel comfortable meeting your neighbors online before you met them in person? Can you really achieve a sense of community through a website?

A neighborhood is defined as a district, especially one forming a community within a town or city and the people of such a district. If we begin to find our neighbors online and establish a relationship before knocking on their door, are we still able to build a strong community like the hippies of the 1960s and 1970s wanted?


Categories: Uncategorized
Tags: , , , , ,
+